ADAT interface
Abbreviation for Alesis Digital Audio Tape.
Digital interface for connecting up to 8 digital audio tracks in a Samperate 44.1 kHz or 48 kHz. For a transfer from higher sample rates reduces the number of possible audio tracks.

ADSR curve
Volume history of a tone divided into four phases: Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release

In the audio technology are alias affects electrical noise that occur when digitizing an audio signal with insufficient sampling.

Analog recording studio
Amplification system, which used for the treatment and storage of audio data only analogue equipment. At no time the audio signal is digitized.

Analog Sound
Sound, which was apparently not affected by digitization.

Subroutine that periodically repeating unanimous Midi can be run sequences.

Audio interface
Interface for connection of monitor speakers, and microphones to a computer. An interface has at least one stereo digital / -Analogwandler. Extensively equipped interfaces include up to 24 analog / digital converter (Mic / Line inputs) and a digital interface such as SPDIF or TOS link and be able to connect an input to an external Word Clock

Audio effect, generated by a reduction of the sampling rate distortion.

Number of quantization levels of a digital audio signal. The set for an audio CD bit rate of 16 bits allows a maximum dynamic range of 96 dB. Bit rates of 24 or 32 bits are established in the digital audio processing.

Blue Notes
Sounds which are located outside the Western tonal system. They lie between the small and major third or minor and major sevenths. They are characteristic of the Blues. You can of stringed instruments, wind instruments, and voices, but not produced by keyboard instruments.

Brickwall limiter
Digital limiter that avoids with 100% certainty that an audio level exceeds a predetermined level. It is used to increase the loudness.

Bus Send
Busbar for merging audio signals, for example, for the joint control of an effects unit or merging of instruments groups.

Clock generator
A digital signal generator, which serves for the synchronization of a plurality of digital audio devices. Every single pulse corresponds to a digital sampling. Thus, the sampling rate (Sample Rate) is placed all the connected devices firmly connected to the generator.

Method for processing a digital audio signal. After multiple recording of a single musical section is edited with comp and defines which recording is used.

Condenser microphone
Microphone for recording vocals and acoustic instruments preferably in a recording studio, because it is too sensitive for live use. The membrane of the microphone forming part of a capacitor: The movement of the membrane, the capacitance changes. The corresponding circuit requires a bias voltage of 48 volts.

In the audio technology is called an operation, is cut with an audio recording so that only the portion to be used, can be heard with cropping.

Crossover adjuster
Adjuster to determine the cut-off frequency between two filters.

DAW (Digital Audio Workstation)
Computer-aided system for sound recordings and music productions. Today it often referred to programs for the production of music tracks (Logic, Cubase, etc.).

Device for audio editing and appropriate software for eliminating background noise.

Digital Emulation
Software for modeling of analogue equipment, such as an analog EQ or compressor.

Digital interface
Connection option for connecting digital audio devices with each other.

Digital recording studio
Amplification system, which digitizes the audio signal for processing and storing audio data.

In audio engineering, the Dithering is a method of compensating for Quantsierungsrauschen, which is formed during the digitization or reduction of the bit rate of audio data. It is also referred to as error diffusion.

In the audio technology, a dropout is a short audible dropouts caused by interruption of the data stream, or incorrect transmission.

Dynamic low-pass filter
Filter, the high frequencies, does not reduce gleichbeliebend but depending on the input level.

Envelope filter
Filter, which can alter the transient and the decay of a vibration.

Expanders are controlled Midi sound generators that themselves have no keyboard.

FFT analysis
In the audio technology the fast Furie analysis is used to visually represent the frequency spectrum of a signal.

Two or more drum beats such as a snare drum, follow the very rapid succession.

Audio effect, which is generated by the same signal with a minimum time offset is (1-20 msec) adds to each other two times. Here this time offset varies periodically.
The result is an unusual sound by increasing and reducing individual narrow frequency bands.

FM synthesis
Circuit for producing sound with synthesizers. One or more shafts in frequency modulation method added. The best-known synthesizer that works according to this principle is the Yamaha DX-7

Addition of two shafts, wherein the one shaft

Effect, which is mainly used for electric guitars. Combination of strong overdrive and compression.

Gate Reverb
Electronically generated reverberation, the course (envelope) ends abruppt. Klas Sure effect for Sanredrum a drum.

In the audio technology means "graining" the cutting of an audio signal in very short sections (Grains)

Granular synthesis
Synthetic production of a sound by cutting in very short sections (Grains).

Guitar Rig
Software emulation of guitar amps.

Sequence of chords, which at the same time the upper part is the melody.

Data block for transmission of additional information in a digital audio format such as Wave, MP3 or AIFF.

Modulation of a digital or analog audio signal with a peak level below 0 dBFS. A headroom of 6 dB means that the level at the loudest part -6db not exceed.

In the audio technology the envelope describes the volume during an acoustic signal from the transient to the silence at the end.

In the digital audio technology, the term describes a tool for creating small seemingly random inaccuracies.

In audio technology, the time offset is designated as latency, caused by computations of a computer.

 if you are layering electronic sounds are played simultaneously to produce a better sound. Layers also means that according to how strongly various samples are retrieved, which is very similar but not sound the same. Example, this technique is when emulating a piano. Depending on the velocity of a single button different samples are retrieved, the sound not only different but also according to different presence.

Leslie box
Speaker with I rotating speakers or horns. The effect is strongest when the speed changes of the rotating speakers.Original were mainly used in electronic organs Leslie boxes.
The resulting effect is also known as Rotary effect.

In the audio technology, a limiter is an amplifier that does not exceed a defined maximum level.

Work level for studio equipment and hi-fi equipment.

Midi (Music Industry Digital Interface)
Digital interface for communication of digital audio equipment with each other. Per Midi only control data but not transmit audio information.

Midi-through connector
Connector, rests at the same Midi signal as to the input jack. Though MIDI is used to "loop through" a MIDI signal for a connected device, which uses the signal.

Lossy compression method for digital audio data, the original name of MPEG-1 Layer III similar to jpg for images.

Multimode filter
Combination of analog filters with different functions such as high-pass, low-pass, band-pass

Feature to mute a mixer channel.

Equipment or appropriate software to reduce noise.

Calculation process to increase the overall level of digital audio data. Here, the level is raised so far that it reaches at the loudest part 100% dBFS.

Note On commands
Midi-command to turn on a touch of a digital synthesizer

An electronic circuit for generating vibrations.

Potentiometer on a mixer or DAW to change the panorama (left, center, right)

Effect device for generating a modulation effect similar to a (see) flanger.

Physical Modeling (PM)
In audio engineering PM is a computer-assisted sound generation, are replaced by mathematical calculations in electronic circuits.

Pitch bend data
MIDI data that generates a MIDI keyboard with a controler for changing the pitch.

Plate Reverb
Reverberation, which is produced by a Hall plate, or a software that emulates the sound of a plate reverb.

First single (early) echoes as part of Hachhalls. They are individually imperceptible.

Saved preset

psychoacoustic effect
Electronically generated effect, which uses the specific properties of the human ear.

Pulse width
Distance between two electronically generated waves.

Pulse wave
Uneven vibration.

Punch-in recording
Recording a date to the middle of a play.

Phenomenon which is to be found in the digitization of audio data. The quantization errors occur, thereby staying the intervals between the samples of an audio signal unnoticed.

Noise Generator
Circuit of a synthesizer to generate a noise.

Resonance filters
Circuit of a synthesizer or equalizer, which affects a relatively narrow-band frequency band.

Roll (Drum roll)
A short drum Wiebel.

Rotary effect
see Leslie box

Sample Player
Player for digial stored sounds. (See Sample synthesis)

Sample Rate (in German sample)
Fixed value for the number of samples to Digtalisierung an audio signal
In the CD-Audio format is set firmly example on 44,100 samples per second.

Sample synthesis
A process for producing synthetic sounds, in which prefabricated Samples
(Individual sounds) serve as a basis.

Sound transducers
A device for converting sound energy into a proportional electrical voltage (microphone), or for the conversion of electrical energy in sound waves (speaker)

Side-chain compression
Audio compression is controlled by an external signal. For this purpose has a compressor an additional input. With this feature the famous pumping sound is realized, who is known from the French House. The signal of the bass drum is used as a control signal for individual instruments such as the bass or for the overall sound to create a level reduction in the quarter-cycle.

Clash of musicians who play together improvised.

SMPTE timecode
Time Code introduced by the Society of Motion Pictures and Television Engeneers. It is used for synchronization of image and sound, or more professional audio equipment. The time code is divided into hours, minutes, seconds and frames. A frame is a frame. As in Europe, a television image of 25 frames in the US from 30 frames per second is set together, are in accordance with timecode with 25 and 30 frames.

Software Synthesizer
Program or subprogram (plug-in) for generating musical sounds.

steep flank
Property of a filter, which is also referred to as quality.

Step Sequencer
Midi-Sequnzer in which each pulse is input separately.

subtractive synthesis
Analogue sound synthesis of a synthesizer or the digital emulation of it

System Exclusive (SysEx) data
Midi-data with which digtal data of synthesizers and other MIDI-enabled devices, can be controlled, for example, sound Umschatbefehle.

Low Pass Filter
electronic circuit for broadband reduction of high frequency components.

Representation of events on the timeline.

TOSLINK touch fitting
Plug-in connection for the connection of digital audio equipment in which a light waveguide
(Cable) is used.

Getting quick, high-energy acoustic Impule generated by a musical instrument, such as guitar or drums.

Velocity with a MIDI keyboard. The value is between 0 and. 127

VOC (Voltage controled oscillator)

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